During the monsoon season, its common to find roads filled with stagnant water or puddles. This water is like a breeding ground for mosquitoes. As a result, several mosquitoes borne diseases like Chikungunya and Dengue start to spread.
Chikungunya and Dengue are viral diseases both of which are caused by Aedes mosquitoes. There are some minor differences which separates the two. If either are not treated on time it may turn out to be fatal. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 50-100 million people are infected by dengue fever globally every year and around 3 out of every 100 dengue infections are fatal.
Dengue: The viral disease is transmitted through the bite of the female Aedes mosquitoes on the human body. It can be transmitted from one person to another during blood transfusions. However, it is not contagious between humans otherwise. The peak biting time is two hours after sunrise and 2 hours before sunset. The areas below the elbows and below the knees are common targets.
Chikungunya: Chikungunya is caused by the same female Aedes mosquitoes that cause Dengue. This ailment mostly affects the muscle cells of the human body.
Dengue: The symptoms of dengue appears only 3-14 days after the mosquito bite and not immediately. It is like a flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults. It usually starts with a fever for the initial 3-4 days, followed by body pain. The retro orbital pain which is behind the eyes pain is also very common.
Chikungunya: The prominent symptoms of Chikungunya include excessive body pain or myalgia, swelling in the joints and rashes across the body. The body pain, in this case, is more severe than in dengue cases.
Since childhood we have always heard that prevention is better than cure but than do we really apply it? Just a few preventive measures can help you avoid all the discomfort that comes along with these diseases.
- Turn over empty buckets so that they do not collect excess water. If the bucket contains water which cannot be emptied, cover it when not in use.
- Remember to clean out empty flower pots and do not over water potted plants. It is always advisable to not have any stagnant water around as it may turn into breeding grounds for the mosquitoes.
- Ensure that no rain water is collected in discarded objects in your premises. It is advisable to dispose them immediately.
- Report locations of stagnant water to the local health officer or the public department.
- Apply mosquito repellents on all exposed areas, during the day as well as night on a regular basis during outbreaks.
- Ensure that you wear light coloured clothes to cover the extremities of your bodies well. This is important for those who tend to take a stroll in the park and for kids who tend to play outdoors.
- Always cover your trash can or dustbin when not in use.
- Pest control and regular cleaning of the house plays an important part in keeping the diseases at
Enjoy the monsoon sitting on your terrace watching the rain, sipping tea and munching on those yummy onion pakodas!! Book a professional pest control service to contain spread of Dengue or Chikungunya and have a safe monsoon.